German Steps

Adjective Endings: Nominative

In German, adjectives that are used in front of a noun have an ending (Das ist ein großer Tisch).

In all other instances, the adjective has no ending (Der Tisch ist groß. Er spricht schnell.)

The ending of an adjective depends on three factors:

  1. Is the noun masculine, feminine, neuter or plural?
  2. Is the noun in the nominative, accusative, dative or genitive?
  3. What article is being used?

With definite article

Also with: dies-, welche-, jed-, manch-

Masculine Feminine Neutral Plural
Nominative der alte Tisch die alte Lampe das alte Auto die alten Fotos

With indefinite article

Also with: kein-, mein-/dein-/sein-/ihr-/unser-/euer/eur-/ihr-/Ihr- ..

Masculine Feminine Neutral Plural
Nominative ein alter Tisch eine alte Lampe ein altes Auto meine alten Fotos

With zero article

Also with: viel, wenig, mehr, etwas, ...

Masculine Feminine Neutral Plural
Nominative alter Wein laute Musik gutes Wetter schöne Fotos

Exercise 1

Exercise 2

Exercise 3

An effective way to learn new adjectives is with flashcards. Search for relevant sets or create your own with Quizlet.