German Steps

Genitive case: Possessive articles

Possessive articles are words like ‘my’, ‘his’ and ‘their’. They indicate to whom something belongs.

Personal pronoun Possessive article
ich mein
du dein
er sein
sie ihr
es sein
wir unser
ihr euer
sie ihr
Sie Ihr

The endings of possessive articles are like those of the indefinite article ein and the negative article kein.

The endings depend on the noun that comes after the possessive article, i.e. the gender and number of that noun and the case it is in.  

In the following table you see as an example the forms of mein in the nominative. 

The other possessive articles follow the same pattern.

In the feminine and plural forms of unser and euer, the –e– in the middle is sometimes dropped: uns(e)re and eu(e)re

Masculine Feminine Neutral Plural
Nominative meine Computer meine Tasche mein Buch meine Stifte
Accusative meinen Computer meine Tasche mein Buch meine Stifte
Dative meinem Computer meiner Tasche meinem Buch meinen Stiften
Genitive meines Computers meiner Tasche meines Buches meiner Stifte

An extra -s or -es  is added to masculine and neuter nouns in the genitive.

-es is often added to nouns with only one syllable:    sein Buch – der Titel seines Buches/der Titel seines Buch

-es is always added to nouns ending with -s, -ß, x, – z, -tz:    mein Glas – die Farbe meines Glases 

-s is added to nouns with more than one syllable:    unser Hotel – der Name unseres Hotels 

Exercise

External Link: Possessivartikel.