German Steps

Perfect tense of separable and inseparable verbs

The most frequently used tense when talking about things that happened in the past is the perfect tense.

The perfect tense is made up of two parts:  haben or sein and the past participle (Partizip II) of the main verb.

Separable Verbs

Inseparable Verbs

The past participle of separable verbs consists of the separable prefix/part and the participle of the stem verb, which means that ge- is between the two parts.

einkaufen – eingekauft

ankommen – angekommen

aufstehen – aufgestanden

Separable Prefixes:

ab-, an-, auf-, aus-, bei-, ein-, fest-, hin-, her-, los-, mit-, nach-, vor-, vorbei-, weg-, weiter-, zu-, zurück-, zusammen-, ………

The past participle of verbs with an inseparable prefix consists of the prefix and the past participle of the stem verb without ge-

verkaufen – verkauft

bekommen – bekommen

verstehen – verstanden

Inseparable Prefixes:

be-, emp-, ent-, er-, ge-, miss-, ver-, zer-

Exercise 1: Perfect tense of separable verbs

Exercise 2: Perfect tense of inseparable verbs

Exercise 3

Exercise 4

External Link: Verbs with Prefixes.