German Steps

Perfect tense of separable and inseparable verbs

The most frequently used tense when talking about things that happened in the past is the perfect tense.

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Learn and PRACTICE talking about events in the past.

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The perfect tense is made up of two parts:  haben or sein and the past participle (Partizip II) of the main verb.

Separable Verbs

Inseparable Verbs

The past participle of separable verbs consists of the separable prefix/part and the participle of the stem verb, which means that ge- is between the two parts.

einkaufen – eingekauft

ankommen – angekommen

aufstehen – aufgestanden

Separable Prefixes:

ab-, an-, auf-, aus-, bei-, ein-, fest-, hin-, her-, los-, mit-, nach-, vor-, vorbei-, weg-, weiter-, zu-, zurück-, zusammen-, ………

The past participle of verbs with an inseparable prefix consists of the prefix and the past participle of the stem verb without ge-

verkaufen – verkauft

bekommen – bekommen

verstehen – verstanden

Inseparable Prefixes:

be-, emp-, ent-, er-, ge-, miss-, ver-, zer-

Exercise 1: Perfect tense of separable verbs

Exercise 2: Perfect tense of inseparable verbs

Exercise 3

Exercise 4

External Link: Verbs with Prefixes.